Army Repatriation: Bringing Them Home

What does "No man left behind" truly mean? For Megan Smolenyak, it means working to identify servicemembers from past conflicts, finding their families, and bringing them home in the process of military repatriation.


Generations Cafe Podcast, Episode 29

You can listen to this episode by clicking the play button below. (You can also listen on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Stitcher, and most other podcast apps.)
Length: 25 minutes.

About Megan Smolenyak

Megan Smolenyak has been involved in numerous genealogy projects, including being a researcher in the early seasons of Who Do You Think You Are? and working with the Ellis Island Foundation (and correcting the historical record on Annie Moore, Ellis Island's first immigrant).

But it's her work with repatriating U.S. soldiers that we focused on in this episode. You'll want to listen to this one to better appreciate the work that she does.

What Is Repatriation?

As Megan says, it all starts with the belief of no man left behind. It's all about identifying the servicemember and finding his family. 

Currently, there are approximately 82,000 US servicemen unaccounted for; the majority of them are from World War II. Megan has worked on 1,400 cases, specializing in members of the US Army. 

The project started in the 1990s, when DNA was collected from family members of men (and a few women) unaccounted for from the Korean War. This database led to the identification of many soldiers whose remains were discovered.

Complications in the Repatriation Process

As Megan explained, the fire in 1973 at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis destroyed about 85% of the US Army's records that were stored there. (Other branches of the military suffered losses, but not to the extent of the Army.) This means that for many of the soldiers, their families aren't listed in the records that remain. (And even when they are, those family members are often deceased, meaning that Megan has to look for other relatives, using a combination of DNA and "traditional" research.)

The work of identifying family members is further complicated in the numerous instances of the soldier giving a false name or a false age. (Megan worked on one case where the soldier was actually only 15 when he was killed.) 

Contacting the Families

The hardest part can be making contact with the families, not because they don't want to talk about their relative, but because they don't answer the phone. (Honestly, I rarely answer the phone if I don't recognize the phone number.) But with persistence, Megan is usually able to make contact. 

Emotions run the gamut. "When they come to understand that this is a real... they want to talk about Buddy. You know, they hadn't thought about him and so long and they're so happy that somebody out there cares... sometimes you can get somebody who just wants to talk about him for an hour, that kind of thing. So it just depends... every call is just it's own special experience."

Favorite Cases

Megan wouldn't say she has "favorites," but she did share three that stand out. 

Capt. Lawrence E. Dickson was a Tuskegee Airman who took an electric guitar with him to war. When his remains were found, they also found his harmonica. Capt. Dickson left behind a wife and young daughter. (You can read more about Capt. Dickson here and here.)

Harriett Engelhardt was in the Red Cross in World War II and was killed in a jeep accident. Many of her letters home have been digitized and placed online by the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Megan said that reading her letters, you get the sense that "we lost what could have been incredible southern writer."

Walter Cichon of the Jersey Shore was killed in Vietnam. He left behind a wife and two children. It turns out, he was also Bruce Springsteen's musical idol. Megan said this case was especially personal for her, as her own father served in Vietnam and their family lived in the Jersey Shore at the time.

As Megan pointed out, when people talk about their favorite episode of a genealogy program, it isn't the one with their favorite celebrity. "It's the story that is closest to their own family story."

Finding Megan

You can find Megan at her website She's also quite active on Twitter @megansmolenyak.

Posted: May 23, 2019.

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  • My kids have a distant cousin buried in Arlington. He served in the US Navy and was murdered in Dallas. Probably the most visited grave in Arlington.

  • At 23 years old Jack J. Therrell’s plane went down in Papua New Guinea on March 23, 1945. He is memorialized at the Tablets of the Missing, Manila American Cemetery in Manila, Philippines. Jack was my father’s first cousin. Jack’s mother, never gave up hope that he would be found, never allowed any of the family to put a monument up for her son. Finally this month; even though he nor his remains have been found, a monument was placed between his parents. I often think of Jacks’ mom how her broken heart was never allowed to heal completely.
    Some gave all for this freedom that some take for granted. Thank you for the work being done to leave no soldier behind. It is still a prayer for this remaining family for Jack to be found and bought home to Mississippi.

  • Megan, you are doing God’s work. As the daughter of a former Army private who — as his battlefield medics and surgeons as well as the doctors who treated him the next fifty years told him — should have died on the battlefield of his grave wounds, I thank you from the bottom of my heart for all you do to “bring our boys home” (and of course, the women as well).

  • This is an interesting post for Episode 29. I am USAF retired military; during my federal government career, I worked for the U. S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs National Cemetery Administration. I buried a lot of deceased veterans and their family members, but there is one case I will never forget. I buried Mrs. Bachant, in 2013, the wife of PFC Herbert Bachant, who was KIA in Aug 1944 in France. He was originally buried at St. Avold American Military Cemetery along with his 2 other comrades in the same grave. They were killed in a tank explosion by the Nazis. In 1949 they were repatriated back to the U.S. for re-interment at Hampton National Cemetery. What is so interesting; that I would occasionally come across his interment record along with others who were repatriated back to the U.S., thinking and wondering did they have any relatives. This is because none was indicated. In the remarks section of the interment record, it states “WWII REPATRIATION PROGRAM”. It is the same thing at all of the much older national cemeteries established prior to WWII. This repatriation program was authorized by Congress to bring them home. It took 5 years to bring all of our war dead back home, from 1947 to 1952. A few years later in 1958 a repatriation process was initiated from overseas American Military Cemeteries for selection of unknowns from WWII and Korea for burial at Arlington National Cemetery’s Tomb of The Unknown Soldier. Should you ever a chance research the US Army Mortuary Trains from Brooklyn, NY and Bayonne, NJ Army Terminals.

  • While researching my husband’s 2x great uncle who died in the Civil War I noticed among the National Cemetery notes details of an “unknown” that matched the details of the uncles death. I contacted the NPS and shared my research. They agreed that the “unknown” was in fact the 2x great uncle and updated their data.